Brassica juncea (L.)
AAC Oriental 200
AAC Oriental 200 has a higher (7%) yield than the check cultivar Cutlass and similar levels of blackleg and white rust resistance. It is well adapted to all mustard growing areas of western Canada. Dr. Bifang Cheng developed this variety.
AC Vulcan was selected from Cutlass, and like it, is highly resistant to blackleg disease. AC Vulcan shows improvement over Cutlass through greater yield, increased seed weight, higher allyl glucosinolate, reduced fixed oil content and brighter yellow seed. It is resistant to white rust race 2a, though susceptible to race 2v.
Acanto is the first zero erucic acid content oriental condiment mustard registered in Canada. Similar in other qualities such as yield, height, seed weight and protein content, seed chlorophyll content to the check, Cutlass, it is highly resistant to blackleg but more susceptible to white rust race 2v than Cutlass. Acanto is well adapted to the mustard growing areas of the Canadian prairies.
Cutlass was developed by Dr. Don Woods (AAFC) with reduced fixed oil content, while maintaining or improving other attributes. It was highly resistant to blackleg and was resistant to white rust race 2a. It was registered in 1985, became the check cultivar in 1988 and held that ranking for 20 years.
Forge was the predominant oriental mustard grown in western Canada when Cutlass and AC Vulcan were developed. It was resistant to blackleg, but highly susceptible to white rust races 2a and 2v. Forge was developed by Mr. John Hemingway of Colman’s Food, Norwich, UK.
Domo was developed by Mr. Sid Pawlowski (AAFC), and was registered in 1977. It was higher yielding that Lethbridge 22 A, had higher allyl glucosinolate content and 1% higher fixed oil content that Lethbridge 22A.
[Agriculture Canada 1977. Description of oriental mustard (Brassica juncea (L.) Czern.) variety Domo. 1977, April 19. Production Marketing Branch, Plant Products Division, Ottawa, Ontario. Referenced in Rakow, G. & Rode, D. 2009. Can. J. Plant Sci. 89:325-329.]
Lethbridge 22A was developed by Mr. Sid Pawlowski (AAFC), and was registered in 1974. It was the first true yellow breeding oriental mustard cultivar.
[Agriculture Canada 1974. Description of oriental mustard (Brassica juncea (L.) Czern.) variety Lethbridge 22 A. 1974, Aug. 21. Production Marketing Branch, Plant Products Division, Ottawa, Ontario. Referenced in Rakow, G. & Rode, D. 2009. Can. J. Plant Sci. 89:325-329.]